Environmental Initiatives

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Biography

Patricia Majluf was born and raised in Lima, Peru. She graduated from the Cayetano Heredia University in Lima, where she now works, and completed a Ph.D. in zoology at the University of Cambridge focusing on Peruvian fur seal behavior at Punta San Juan. Extending her doctorate into a long-term study, Majluf was an associate research scientist for the Wildlife Conservation Society for almost 20 years. Since 1998, when a strong El Niño wiped out her entire study population, she has been at the forefront of marine conservation efforts in Peru, promoting establishment of the region’s first marine protected area system and strongly pushing for improvements in Peru’s industrial fishery policies. She founded and directs the Centre for Environmental Sustainability at the Cayetano Heredia University, where she is committed to building knowledge and local capacities to enable improved management and restoration of the Peruvian upwelling system.

Majluf is leading a collaboration with the Fisheries Centre at the University of British Columbia and IMARPE, the Peruvian marine research institute, to develop a computer model to evaluate the impacts of fishery management actions on the Peruvian upwelling ecosystem structure, function, and value. The study will provide information to help improve fisheries management policies and practices in Peru. Her team also conducted an evaluation of the fishery management system that is central to reforms being implemented by the Peruvian government. Majluf was recently designated vice president of IMARPE’s board to help guide this process.

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EDUCATION

1988:  Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) - Dept. of Zoology, U. of Cambridge, England
1981:  Licentiate in Biology - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH), Lima, Peru
1980:  Bachelor in Science (B.Sc.) - Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru

POSITIONS

2006 - 2012:  Director, Center for Environmental Sustainability (CSA), UPCH, Lima, Peru
2010:  President of the Austral & Neotropical America Section of the Society for Conservation Biology (SCB)
2010:  Member of the Stakehoder Council – Public Interest Chamber of the Marine Stewardship Council
2009:  Member of the Board of the NGO PRONATURALEZA
1991:  Associate Professor, Dept. of Biological and Physiological Sciences,  UPCH, Lima, Peru

AWARDS AND FELLOWSHIPS

2011: Society for Conservation Biology’s Distinguished Service Award – in recognition of leadership in marien wildlife conservation.
2009: Award from the Peruvian Ministry of the Environment for research and conservation work on marine biodiversity.
2007: Guggenheim Fellowship, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, NY.
2006 – 08: Whitley Gold Award & Natasha y George Duffield sponsored Whitley Award for the project: “Mapping traditional fishing areas as a tool for developing zoning proposals for Marine Protected Areas.”
2002: CAMBIE Award (Peruvian University for Applied Sciences) for work in Peruvian Conservation of Marine Ecosystems.
1996: Charles A. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh Foundation Award for the project: “Balancing the use of the Humboldt upwelling system: an assessment of competition between marine wildlife and the artisanal fisheries in Southern Peru.”
1993 – 96: Women in Conservation Award of the Charlotte Wyman Trust for the project "Conservation and management of the coastal marine ecosystem in Peru."
1993 – 94: Instituto Frances de Estudios Andinos: Research fellowship: "Comportamiento social, densidad poblacional y El Niño: impacto sobre la tasa de mortalidad de crias del lobo fino de Sudamerica (Arctocephalus australis)".
1990: Royal Society – Developing Country Post-Doctoral Fellowship.
1987 – 89: Jessie Smith Noyes Foundation/Wildlife Conservation International Re-Entry Fellowship.
1986: King's College scholarship.- continuation of Ph.D. studies at U. of Cambridge.
1982: British Council scholarship for Ph.D. studies at University of Cambridge, UK.

MAIN PUBLICATIONS & REPORTS

• Majluf P. 2008. Manejo del Recurso Pesquero con Enfoque Ecosistemico. Report to support development of GEF proposal PIMS 4147- Manejo con enfoque de ecosistema del Gran Ecosistema Marino de la Corriente de Humboldt.

• Majluf, P., Sueiro J.C. & Baradiaran A. 2006. Evaluacion Ambiental del Sector Pesquero en el Peru. in World Bank Country Environmental Analysis for Peru.

• Majluf, P., Valdés, A., Kuroiwa, A. & Valqui, M. 2004. Propuesta de sistema integrado de monitoreo ambiental para la Bahia de Paracas. International Resources Group. Programa USAID STEM TMA. Lima. Perú.

• Majluf, P.; Valqui, M. 2004. Diagnóstico del estado actual de la Bahía Paracas, fuentes de impacto y sistemas de monitoreo existentes, con una primera aproximación al diseño de un Sistema Integrado de Monitoreo para la zona. International Resources Group. Programa USAID STEM TMA. Lima. Perú.

• Majluf P. 2002. Los ecosistemas Marinos y Costeros. Documento preparado para el “Proyecto Estrategia Regional de Biodiversidad para los Paises del Tropico Andino”. Convenio de cooperación técnica no reembolsable ATN/JF-5887/RG CAN-BID.

• Majluf P., Babcock E., Riveros J.C., & Arias Screiber, M. 2002. Catch and bycatch of seabirds and marine mammals by the small scale fishery of Punta San Juan, Peru. Conservation Biology 16(5):1333-1343.

• Majluf P. 2001. Estudio justificatorio para el establecimiento de un sub-sistema de áreas naturales protegidas en el ambito marino y costero en base al conjunto de puntas e islas guaneras del litoral peruano. Report justifying first proposal for integrating the whole system of guano islands and capes into the Peruvian National Protected Area System – presnted to INRENA (the Peruvian Natural Resources Institute) on behalf of the Consortium of Conservation NGOs BIOMAR.

• Majluf P. 2001. Estado de Conservación de los Ecosistemas marinos transfronterizos en la Comunidad Anadina de Naciones. En: Consorcio GTZ/Fundeco/Instituto de Ecología (Eds.). Conservación de Ecosistemas Transfronterizos entre Países Andinos. Documento base para la elaboración de la Estrategia de Biodiversidad Regional para los Países Andinos - Componente Ecosistemas Trasnfronterizos. Comunidad Andina de Naciones.

• Majluf, P. 1996. Protección de las Puntas e Islas Guaneras en la Costa Peruana: primer paso hacia un sistema de reservas marino-costeras. In: Rodríguez, L., Ed. Diversidad Biológica del Perú; Zonas Prioritarias para su Conservación. Lima: Proyecto FANPE GTZ - INRENA. 191 pp.

• Majluf P. 1992. Timing of births and mortality in South American fur seals. J.Zool.(London) 227(2):367-383.

• Majluf P. 1991. El Niño effects on Pinnipeds in Peru. In: Trillmich, F. & K.A. Ono (eds). The ecological effects of El Niño on Otariids and Phocids: responses of marine mammals to environmental stress. Springer-Verlag. Ecological Studies, Vol. 88: 55-65.

• Majluf P & Reyes JC. 1989. The Marine Mammals of Peru: a review. In: Pauly D, P Muck, J Mendo and I Tsukayama (eds.) The Peruvian upwelling ecosystem: dynamics and interactions. ICLARM Conference Proceedings: 344-363.

• Majluf P. 1989. Reproductive Ecology of South American fur seals in Peru. In: Pauly D, P Muck, J. Mendo & I Tsukayama (eds.) The Peruvian upwelling ecosystem: dynamics and interactions. ICLARM Conference Proceedings: 332-343.

• Trillmich F & Majluf P. 1981. First observations on colony structure, behaviour, and vocal repertoire of the South American fur seal (Arctocephalus australis) in Peru. Z.f.Saügetierkunde 46(5): 310-322.

• Majluf P & Trillmich F. 1981. Distribution and abundance of sea lions (Otaria byronia) and fur seals (Arctocephalus australis) in Peru. Z.f.Saügetierkunde 46(6):384-393.

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